👉🏼 Find out if you have Hyperpigmentation Here

Major Causes of Hyperpigmentation

  • Skin trauma such as scar, acne, inflammation are major causes of hyperpigmentation. 
  • Sunburn also causes hyperpigmentation in spots. Combination of skin trauma and excessive sunlight is even worse. 
  • In some cases, hormonal fluctuations or genetic disposition can lead to hyperpigmentation

About Hyperpigmentation 

Melanin is the key. Melanin is a natural skin pigment produced in our cells as a reaction to sun exposure. Too much and uneven melanin production can cause hyperpigmentation. 

Also, melanin is also overproduced in areas affected by scars, inflammation, and irritations. This is natural, but when combined with sunlight exposure, the hyperpigmentation persists for a long time. 

Prevention Measures 

  • Always remember to wear sunscreen with broad spectrum protection (from UVA and UVB) with SPF30. This rule applies even if you have dark skin tone. Darker skin might burn less, but that is just a deception. Hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tones would progress if you are not protected from the sun. 
  • If you happen to have scars, acnes or any irritation to your skin, DO NOT touch, scratch, pick them. It will only worsen the hyperpigmentation.
  • You should take special care that your skincare routine does not irritate your skin. Cases of frequent skin irritations can add up to become hyperpigmentation. In this sense, a minimalist skincare routine is essential. The more (skincare) products you put on your skin, the more likely that it will irritate. Try to optimize and include only carefully selected products or ingredients without fragrance.  
  • Alpha Arbutin probably is the best ingredient you might want to consider for hyperpigmentation. 
  • Vitamin C is one of the best ingredients against hyperpigmentation. However, you should test if your skin is tolerant of Vitamin C. 
  • Niacinamide is another protectant against hyperpigmentation. It usually can be used daily as it is known to be suitable for sensitive skin.
  • Some swear by Retinol. But you should test it on your skin for a few days before including it in your routine. 
  • A good humectant and emollient combination can help you maintain your skin  barrier function and reduce the risk of irritation.


When trying to improve hyperpigmentation, do not expect a quick result. It usually takes a month or two to see the benefits. 

Again, having too many products at the same time will cause irritation. And introducing new ingredients to your skin should always be at a slow pace. Let your skin have time to adjust to the new ingredients or routine for a week or two. 

DISCLAIMER: Statements here are not medical advice. This is not meant to replace the word of a doctor nor to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent disease. Please consult your physician before using any products or ingredients listed here if you have any prior medical conditions or are pregnant.